Mughal architecture is simply breath taking and spectacular and one such Mughal creations is the beautiful Humayun Tomb. This stunning piece of Mughal architecture is perhaps one of the most impressive historical architecture I have ever seen. Though I do not know much about architecture but the craftsmanship and techniques used to create this marvelous tomb is astounding. I have visited this place a hundred times during my stay in Delhi. Such is the beauty of this stunning tomb that it will leave you awe struck.
Designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyath a Persian architect and built by Indian and Persian workers, this monument is one of the first to employ Persian architecture and also the first to use Red sand stone and White marble in such a huge quantity. In 1993 it was declared a UNESCO World heritage Site.
This tomb was built in the mid-16th century by his wife Haji Begum. The tomb is situated south of the Purana Qila, on the eastern edge of Delhi It is set in the center of a garden in the classical Mughal Char Bagh pattern. A high wall surrounds the garden on three sides. The garden is divided into four parts by two bisecting water channels with paved walkways (khiyabans), which terminate at two gates. Its plan is based on the description of Islamic paradise gardens also known to have inspired the Taj Mahal.
The architectural form of the building is Persian and especially in its main chamber shows some familiarity with the tomb of the Mongol Ilkhanid ruler of Persia, Oljeytu, at Sultaniyya. It is one of a long line of Mughal buildings influenced by Timurid architecture. Humayun’s tomb is the first Indian building to use the Persian double dome; it is noteworthy for its harmonious proportions. As with later Mughal tombs, that of Humayun is set upon a podium or platform.
One of the most beautiful observations one can make is that there is some detailed Jali work on the walls of the tomb. A jali or jaali is the term for a perforated stone or latticed screen, usually with an ornamental pattern constructed through the use of calligraphy and geometry. It is designed in such a way that the sunlight falls directly on the podium where Humayun is laid. Amazing! Isn’t it?
Humayun was the first to be buried in the Tomb when he died in 1556 but the tomb has now within it over 100 graves, earning the name, ‘Dormitory of The Mughals’. While you plan your visit to Delhi do not forget to make a visit to this beautiful tomb especially during the chilly winters, that’s when you are able to soak in this marvelous historical architecture. Also if you happen to visit the place early evening, then do not miss out the sunset view of the tomb. Trust me! It’s worth seeing it.